Difference between revisions of "Dairy Environmental Policy Question 9"

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===Question===
 
===Question===
Does the brand (company) have a policy to reduce the ammonia emissions generated by the cows manure?
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Does the brand (company) have the objective to only source sustainable soy and palm for the cow’s feed by 2015 at the latest, and does the brand already purchase sustainable soy and palm for the cow’s feed in order to stop e.g. the destruction of tropical forests for palm and soy oil plantations?
 +
* Dutch version: Heeft het merk (bedrijf) zich ten doel gesteld om in uiterlijk 2015 alleen nog ‘verantwoorde’ palm en soya te gebruiken voor het voedsel van de koeien, en heeft het merk al verantwoorde palm en soya ingekocht, om onder meer de vernietiging van tropische bossen door palm en soya plantages tegen te gaan?
 +
* German version: Hat sich der Markenhersteller das Ziel gesteckt, bis spätestens 2015 ausschließlich nachhaltig produziertes Palmöl und Soja für Viehfutter zu beziehen, um somit der Zerstörung von tropischen Wäldern entgegenzuwirken?
  
* Dutch version: Heeft het merk (bedrijf) een beleid ter vermindering van de ammoniakuitstoot met betrekking tot koeien mest?
+
===References and Guidelines===
* German version: Hat die Marke (Unternehmen) eine Politik, die Kühe Gülle Ammoniakemissionen zu reduzieren?
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Palm kernel and soy kernel are the edible fruits go the soy/palm tree. It is used as krachtvoer/"power feed" in the food for the cows. The % of soy/palm differ, however on average 30-50% of the cow's food consists out of soy/palm kernel. [http://palmoilis.mpob.gov.my/publications/pod40-wan.pdf].
 +
This question is also asked in Labor Conditions and Human Rights section, but as soy and palm kernel also leads to the destruction of tropical forests, this question is also applicable for the environmental policy section.
  
===Reference===
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* For palm please refer to [[ Supermarket Chains Ecology Question 10]]
Ammonia is a colorless gas with a very distinct smell. It is created when urine and faeces from cows come together in the grasslands and the sheds. When manure (mix of urine and faeces) is not handled adequately, the ammonia will oxidate in the air and becomes very acid. When it rains the acid falls down and destroys forests and nature. More than half of the “verzuring” in holland is due to the ammonia emissions in the dairy industry. Additionally, ammonia pollutes the soil water. [http://www.ars.usda.gov/sp2UserFiles/Place/36553000/px-based_v3.2/educ-matrls/pdfs/FS_abating-ammonia-emissions.pdf]
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* For soy please refer to [[Supermarket Chains Ecology Question 9]]
  
Ammonia does not only happens in the stall, but also in manure storage, during grazing and fertilization. However, the amount of ammonia produced by grazing is lower than the emissions in the cowsheds. There are various possibilities to reduce emissions of ammonia:
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Best Practice:  
- change the shed system (create floors that divert urine away from feces)
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* CONO only buys SOYPSI soya (similar to RTRS)  
- change fertilizing techniques (directly apply the manure on the field and no storage)
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* Since 2011 Arla buys 50% RTRS soy and 50% from soy is derived from small family farms in Brasil.
- change food (by providing cows with less protein in their food)
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[[http://duurzameweidezuivel.nl/kringloopkompas]]
+
  
 
===Answering guidelines===
 
===Answering guidelines===
 
'''Answer Yes:'''
 
'''Answer Yes:'''
* [Brand] has a policy to reduce ammonia emissions generated by the cows manure (see link/page).
+
* [Brand] has a policy to use sustainable [palm/soy] for the cows feed, namely [...] (see link/page).
 +
* [Brand] uses only sustainable [palm/soy] for the cows feed, that is certified according to (see link/page...).
  
 
'''Answer No:'''
 
'''Answer No:'''
* [Brand] explicitly claims not to reduce ammonia emissions generated by the cows manure (see link/page)
+
* [Brand] explicitly claims not to use [palm/soy] for the cows feed from sustainable sources [...] (see link/page)
  
 
'''Answer ?:'''
 
'''Answer ?:'''
* [Brand] does not communicate any information on reducing ammonia emissions generated by the cows manure. So it is not clear if the brand is committed to avoiding
+
* [Brand] does not communicate any information about use of [palm/soy] for the cows feed. So it is not clear if the brand is committed to avoiding
 
* [Brand] mentions [a sort of policy], but the brand does not mention any clear [criteria/targets/achievement].
 
* [Brand] mentions [a sort of policy], but the brand does not mention any clear [criteria/targets/achievement].

Latest revision as of 10:41, 12 October 2012

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Question

Does the brand (company) have the objective to only source sustainable soy and palm for the cow’s feed by 2015 at the latest, and does the brand already purchase sustainable soy and palm for the cow’s feed in order to stop e.g. the destruction of tropical forests for palm and soy oil plantations?

  • Dutch version: Heeft het merk (bedrijf) zich ten doel gesteld om in uiterlijk 2015 alleen nog ‘verantwoorde’ palm en soya te gebruiken voor het voedsel van de koeien, en heeft het merk al verantwoorde palm en soya ingekocht, om onder meer de vernietiging van tropische bossen door palm en soya plantages tegen te gaan?
  • German version: Hat sich der Markenhersteller das Ziel gesteckt, bis spätestens 2015 ausschließlich nachhaltig produziertes Palmöl und Soja für Viehfutter zu beziehen, um somit der Zerstörung von tropischen Wäldern entgegenzuwirken?

References and Guidelines

Palm kernel and soy kernel are the edible fruits go the soy/palm tree. It is used as krachtvoer/"power feed" in the food for the cows. The % of soy/palm differ, however on average 30-50% of the cow's food consists out of soy/palm kernel. [1]. This question is also asked in Labor Conditions and Human Rights section, but as soy and palm kernel also leads to the destruction of tropical forests, this question is also applicable for the environmental policy section.

Best Practice:

  • CONO only buys SOYPSI soya (similar to RTRS)
  • Since 2011 Arla buys 50% RTRS soy and 50% from soy is derived from small family farms in Brasil.

Answering guidelines

Answer Yes:

  • [Brand] has a policy to use sustainable [palm/soy] for the cows feed, namely [...] (see link/page).
  • [Brand] uses only sustainable [palm/soy] for the cows feed, that is certified according to (see link/page...).

Answer No:

  • [Brand] explicitly claims not to use [palm/soy] for the cows feed from sustainable sources [...] (see link/page)

Answer ?:

  • [Brand] does not communicate any information about use of [palm/soy] for the cows feed. So it is not clear if the brand is committed to avoiding
  • [Brand] mentions [a sort of policy], but the brand does not mention any clear [criteria/targets/achievement].