Dairy Environmental Policy Question 9
Does the brand (company) have a policy to reduce the ammonia emissions generated by the cows manure?
- Dutch version: Heeft het merk (bedrijf) een beleid ter vermindering van de ammoniakuitstoot met betrekking tot koeien mest?
- German version: Hat die Marke (Unternehmen) eine Politik, die Kühe Gülle Ammoniakemissionen zu reduzieren?
Ammonia is a colorless gas with a very distinct smell. Approximately 83% (as of 2004) of ammonia is used as fertilizers. When it is applied to soil, it helps provide increased yields of crops such as corn and wheat. It arises when the feaces and urine from a cow comes together. That does not only happens in the stall, but also in manure storage, during grazing and fertilization. However, the amount of ammonia produced by grazing is lower than the emissions in the cowsheds. There are various possibilities to reduce emissions of ammonia, such as the shed system, fertilizing techniques, but also the food is of great importance. By providing cows with different food (less protein and more structure results in less nitrogen) the ammonia emissions can be reduced. []
- [Brand] has a policy to reduce ammonia emissions generated by the cows manure (see link/page).
- [Brand] explicitly claims not to reduce ammonia emissions generated by the cows manure (see link/page)
- [Brand] does not communicate any information on reducing ammonia emissions generated by the cows manure. So it is not clear if the brand is committed to avoiding
- [Brand] mentions [a sort of policy], but the brand does not mention any clear [criteria/targets/achievement].